Citing Images on the University's Public Websites
The following are some examples of ways to credit different types of copyrighted images that might be found in the University's public websites.
1. Image from Creative Commons (CC)
Works under Creative Commons licensing are generally available for free subject to certain conditions,such as acknowledging the author. If you are intending to use a CC image, here is an example of a citation for using a CC image that requires the identification of the author only.
Author/Creator. Title. Source.
©P. Smith. Cute Puppy. CC BY.
Caution should be exercised because other CC licenses for images may be more restrictive.
2. Image from YouTube
Individuals or organizations legally loading works to YouTube have the option to permit you to download the work. Using the YouTube "Share", you may be able to take an image from a video. If not permitted, you can use a link to a YouTube video. Here is a citation for using an image from YouTube.
©P. Smith. Cute Puppy. YouTube.
3. Image from the Internet with permission to use already granted
Some Internet sources permit you to use works on their site via a simple contract that may state something like "This work can be used for non-commercial use". Here is a citation example.
©P. Smith. Cute Puppy. Google.
4. Image copyrighted by the University of Winnipeg located on CMS websites
With public websites using the University's content management system (CMS) administered through the Marketing and Communications unit, each web page already has a clickable "Copyright" at the bottom indicating University of Winnipeg intellectual property. Several new phrases have been added to the University of Winnipeg copyright page related to the use of other copyrighted material.
"Every effort has been made to acknowledge original sources and to comply with copyright law. If cases are identified where this has not been done,please notify the University of Winnipeg's Copyright Office at email@example.com. Errors or omissions will be corrected. A timely subsequent reply email will be provided to the complainant."
5. Image copyrighted by the University of Winnipeg located on non-CMS websites
There are some 179 non-content management system public websites that are not presently administered through Marketing and Communications. When using and citing University of Winnipeg owned photos on these websites, please use the following format.
©University of Winnipeg. Cute Puppy. Staff Photo.
6. Image not copyrighted by the University of Winnipeg located on CMS and non-CMS websites
For images that are copyrighted not by the University of Winnipeg and represent examples 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8, please follow the respective formats.
7. Image from a personal collection
An Image that is the intellectual property of faculty should have attribution information. However, there is little need to credit personal photos of the individual or other owned images for which copyright is not being exerted. In the case when faculty is considering use of their own images in which they are claiming an intellectual property right, here is a citation example.
©P. Smith. Cute Puppy. Personal Collection.
8. Image in the public domain
Images in the public domain have been placed there by their creators or 50 years after the death of the photographer and can be used without seeking permission or payment of royalties. Here is an example for the citing of a public domain image from Wikipedia.
©P. Smith. Cute Puppy. Wikipedia public domain.
9. Image/Sample Media from Microsoft
As a result of the University of Winnipeg’s contract with Microsoft, faculty and staff have permission to use Microsoft’s Clip Art and Sample Media. Microsoft requires the use of the following citation.
©Used with Permission from Microsoft